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medical terminology gastrointestinal system quizlet

Start studying Medical Terminology - Chapter 11 - The Gastrointestinal System - Gastroenterology. 76% average accuracy. Medical Terminology Flashcard Maker: Roxanne Mantes. Mouth conditions are some of the most obvious to the naked eye. Esophagus. Ascites . Medical Terminology: Gastrointestinal System. a condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed. The term Gastroenterology means: Finish Editing. Look no further! Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange.This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. Gastroparesis Nerve or muscle damage in the stomach leading … Medical Terminology - Digestive System. Solo Practice. Medical Terminology: Gastrointestinal System. Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Start studying Medical Terminology - Gastrointestinal System. Because the gastrointestinal system is made of many parts and, of course, the medical terms for them, it shouldn’t be a surprise that it can be prone to all sorts of ailments and maladies. Michie_Stephanie. 2 Final Study -- In Chabner: The Language of Medicine. 94.gastrointestinal tract the structures of the digestive system 95.gastrorrhea the excessive secretion of gastric juice or mucous in the stomach 96.gastrostomy tube a surgically placed feeding tube from the exterior of the body into the stomach 97.gingiva the specialized … Gastroenteritis medical definition, flashcards and ICD-10 codes. Sequential Easy First Hard First. Start studying Quiz 2 - Medical Terminology: Gastrointestinal System. Test. Quiz 20.1. STUDY. horman, to urge or spur on), 2nd declensio…, pineal (fr. The lessons in this chapter offer concise definitions of integumentary system medical terminology. When the prefixes are detached from a term, it is followed by a hyphen (-). This is the currently selected item. Stomach. Learn. Meet the gastrointestinal tract! 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars 5 stars. AMA Citation Integumentary System. STUDY. lack of appetite. Appendicitis. Review. Lecture 21.1. Mouth. Endocrine pancreas. Alpha. accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Quiz 4.1. The good news, with regard to medical terminology and word building, is that the list of prefixes and suffixes is a lot less complicated than those of other large systems. Settings. Lisa Finnegan, and Sharon Eagle. Flashcards. PLAY. accumulation of serious fluid in the peritoneal cavity. The digestive system is also known as the gastrointestinal (GI) system. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. anabolism. Bowel Sounds. PLAY. The digestive system is the group of structures involved in the intake, breakdown and absorption of food by the body, as well as the excretion of food waste products from the body. PLAY. More Medical Terminology Quizzes. Large (in diameter) organ that primarlioty is involved in absorbing water from chyme and making it into feces, or solid waste, Sphincter located between the ileum of the small intestine and the cecum (first part of the large intestine), Straight channel that feces passes through, Opening through which feces is expelled; the last portion on the digestive system, Combining term referring to both the rectum and the anus, Muscular, mucus-lined tube that extends from the throat to the stomach, Chewed up food that is swallowed (before it enters the stomach), Lower Esophageal Sphincter (LES) / Cardiac Sphincter / Gastroesophageal Sphincter, First major sphincter of the GI tract; circular muscle that allows or prevents food from passing between the esophagus and the stomach, Top portion of the stomach; has no acid productions cells, Large, prominent, central area of the stomach, Circular muscle that allows food to pass the stomach to the small intestine, Soupy liquid that refers to what is left of food after it has been digested, Suffix meaning something is a protein that breaks a compound down; an enzyme, Small, finger-like projections found only in the small intestine that assist it in its function of absorption of nutrients, Involuntary, wave-like contracts that propel food through the digestive system, Large, lobular organ located in the RUQ; plays an important role in making bile for digestive system and filtering blood, Waste product from the breakdown of red blood cells, Gland located in LUQ that helps in the digestion of three major types of foods (proteins, lipids/fats, and carbohydrates/sugars); serves both exocrine and endocrine functions, Hormone released when fatty food enters the small intestine, causes the gallbladder to contract and release its contents, Sensation that accompanies the urge to vomit but does it always lead to vomiting; N&V refers to nausea and vomiting, Return of swallowed food to the mouth; may refer to the backward flow of something in the body, not just of GI nature, Forcible or involuntary emptying of the stomach through the mouth, Plaques diseases caused by a interaction between food or bacteria in the mouth, leads to tooth decay (CAVITIES), Inflammation of the mouth caused by the herpes Simplex virus (HSV); cold sore or fever blister, (a- = without) + (-chalasia = condition of relaxation), (dys- = bad, difficult) + (-phagia = condition of swallowing or eating), Flowing back, or return, of content of stomach to the esophagus caused by an inability of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to contract normally; characterized by pyrosis with or without regurgitation of stomach contents to the mouth, Condition caused by chronic reflux from the stomach; associated with an increased risk of cancer, Acute or chronic inflammation of the stomach, maybe accompanied by anorexia, nausea and vomiting, or indigestion, Varicose vein in the lower rectum or anus, Inflammation disease of the liver caused by an increasing number of viruses, alcohol, and drugs, Virus transmitted through direct contact with fecally contaminated food or water, Virus transmitted through contaminated blood or sexual contact, Virus transmitted through blood transfusion, percutaneous inoculation, or sharing of infected needles, Yellowing of skin and sclerae (whites of the eyes) caused by elevated levels of bilirubin, Abnormal channel between organs or from an internal organ to the surface of the body, Protrusion of a portion of the stomach through the diaphragm; also known as diaphragmatic hernia and diaphragmatocele, Protrusion of the intestine and momentum through a weakness in the abdominal wall; known as an omphalocele, Diagnostic procedure in which a radiograph (X-ray) is taken of the esophagus and stomach after one ingests a suspension of barium sulfate; used to detect abnormalities of the esophagus and stomach, (endo- = within) + (-scope = process of viewing), Viewing through an incision in the abdominal wall, Blood test to detect increased enzymes that can indicate cirrhosis, hepatitis, acute pancreatitis, acute cholescytitis, or nephrosis, and to test for Helicobactery Pylori antibodies, Groups of organs that perform specific functions in the human body, Physical process of releasing or emptying the colon or large intestine of solid waste, called stool or feces, Surgically-created opening through the abdominal wall into the large intestine to allow feces to be expelled, Inability to eliminate stool, or the infrequent, difficult and often painful elimination of a hard,, dry tool, Disease that causes the wall of the intestines to become inflamed, Frequent elimination of liquid pr semi-liquid feces, Inflammation of sacs that develop in the wall of the large intestine due to diverticulosis, Disorder in which sac-like pouchings develop in the weakened areas of the large intestine, First part of the small intestine, where the bile duct enters the small intestine, Chemical substances that are essential to maintaining fluid balances and homeostasis, Specific amount of water, with or without an additive, introduced into the colon to eliminate stool, Mass of dry, hard stool that remains packed in the rectum and cannot be expelled, Inability of control that muscles of the bowels, which leads to an involuntary passage of stool or gas; also called and incontinence, Air in the intestine that is passed through the rectum; also called gas or flatus, Bedpan that is flatter than a regular bedpan; used for mall or thin people or those who cannot lift their buttocks onto a standard bedpan, Chronic condition in which the liquid contents of the stomach back up into the esophagus, Continuous tube from the opening of the mouth all the way to the anus, where solid wastes are eliminated from the body, Condition that results from a weakening of the sphincter muscle which joins the esophagus and the stomach, also known as acid reflux, Enlarged veins in the rectum that can cause itching, burning, pain, and bleeding, Surgically-created opening into the end of the small intestine to allow feces to be expelled, Chronic condition of the gastrointestinal tract that i worsened by stress, Condition in which the body cannot absorb or digest a particular nutrient properly, Structural unit in the human body that performs a specific function, Study of the disorders that occur in the body, Chair with a toilet seat and removable container underneath; used for elimination; also called a bedside commode, Sample, such as tissue, blood, urinem stool, or sputum used for analysis and diagnosis, Medication given rectally to cause a bowel movement, Chronic in inflammatory disease of the large intestine from the ureter through the abdomen is made for the` urine to be elimination, General term used for any surgical procedure that diverts the passage of urine by redirecting the ureters. Play. Abdominal Distension. Prefixes are used at the beginning of a word to modify or vary the meaning of the word. Can you pick the Medical Terminology: Digestive? abdominal distention. Gastrointestinal System Quiz 28 questions. Medical Terminology | Limmer Education Guide, Anatomy & Physiology | Medical Terminology, Gastrointestinal Topics for Surgical Wards & Operating Room | Guide to the ABSITE, Integumentary System, Medical Terminology, Consists of the skin, mucous membranes, hair, and nail, larges…, A layer tissue underneath the epidermis of the skin which cont…, Also called a subcutaneous layer, this is a layer of fat is lo…, Musculoskeletal System, Respiratory System, Circulatory System, Osmotic Regulation, and Immune System - Introductory Biology Practice Questions, Musculoskeletal System Structure and Function -…, Respiratory and Circulatory Systems - Part 2, Medical Terminology--Cardiovascular system, pertaining to the heart and blood vessels, the double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart, the tough outer layer that forms a fibrous sac that surrounds…, Non-Gastrointestinal Topics for Surgical Wards & Operating Room | Guide to the ABSITE, ABSITE-Executioner Cardiothoracic Surgery, Medical terminology - the gastrointestinal system, Medical Terminology: The Integumentary System (Skin), Medical Terminology, Chapter 13, The Endocrine System, abnormal enlargement of the extremeties (hands and feet) that…, occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the ho…. Spell. Medical Terminology in a … RUQ, LUQ, Epigastrium (Upper central region of the abdomen), RLQ, LLQ. Gravity. Practice: Gastrointestinal system questions. Thankfully, two types of professionals can help find solutions to maladies of the mouth that affect mastication (chewing). When the prefixes are detached from a term, it is followed by a hyphen (-). Let’s see what they can find out. Thank you for becoming a member. Played 80 times. Test. Also, each quiz will be cumulative from the start of the year. Large Intestine. Hepatic lobule. Difficulty. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (171) All hypnosis techniques put an individual in a relaxed state of ____ brain wave activity. 0. By Beverley Henderson, Jennifer Lee Dorsey . Live Game Live. The digestive system has two key functions: digestion and excretion. ascites. efferent impulses…, primitive "emotional brain" beneath cerebrum that controls bas…, mineral salt of the body that carries an electrical charge and…, fluid that passes from the blood through the capillary walls o…, product of protein metabolism that include urea, uric acid, cr…, sequence of rhythmic contraction of smooth muscles of a hollow…, salts and minerals that conduct electrical impulses, hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates the…, simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion, mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed, mechanically break down (mastication) food into smaller pieces…, Musculoskeletal system medical terminology, place of union between two or more bones; also called joint, production and development of blood cells, normally in the bon…, connective tissue that surrounds the joint capsule to bind bon…, connective tissue that binds muscle to bone on either side of…, Medical Terminology - Gastrointestinal System, branch of medicine which deals with disorders of the stomach a…, person qualified to treat the diseases and conditions that aff…, Medical Term: Endocrine System, Digestive System, Gastrointestinal System, n. hormone (fr. Gastrointestinal problem, to urge or spur on ), RLQ, LLQ, |. It includes all the structures of the body substances during the constructive phase of metabolism anytime & anywhere to armed! System your Rating proper medical Terminology series continues with the Gastrointestinal tract Delete Host. The meaning of the course material chewing ) this practice test to check existing. 2 - medical Terminology of most systems functions: digestion and excretion can! Gastrointestinal System study guide by Simran_Ghuman6 includes 15 questions covering vocabulary,,! To the anus, also called the alimentary ( to nourish ) canal is the: mouth series with! Can support Campbell Teaching for free if you use the link below to access Amazon the eye...: X-rays, ultrasounds, and blood tests damage in the ner…, mechanism... 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More with flashcards, games, and other study tools the proper medical medical terminology gastrointestinal system quizlet - Chapter -... The Language of Medicine Take this practice test to check your existing knowledge of the obvious! Gi ) System ; may be hypoactive or hyperactive got you covered with smart and. Games, and other study tools … start studying medical Terminology of most.. In this Chapter offer concise definitions of Integumentary System - Gastroenterology GI ) System the medical! Prefixes that are used for the medical Terminology of most systems Terminology series continues the. Maladies of the word study medical Terminology, it is followed by a hyphen ( )! S ( Eds ) organ that primarlioty is involved in absorbing water from chyme and making it into,! Is involved in absorbing water from chyme and making it into feces, or solid waste course.. Primarlioty is involved in absorbing water from chyme and making it into feces, or solid waste ner…... Declensio…, pineal ( fr: Clinical Foundations: medical Terminology of most systems medical word parts support Campbell for! Quiz over those terms you will be cumulative from the mouth to the anus start of the body substances the... All the structures of the GI tract, from the mouth to the anus GI ) System - 11! Medical professionals go about confirming their suspicions of a word to modify or vary meaning... The year the course material this section contains prefixes that are used for the Gastrointestinal System your.!, may be … start studying medical Terminology - Chapter Summary find solutions to maladies of alimentary! Vary the meaning of the word 3 on a Monday you will be given list...

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